Here are seven national heritage that has gained worldwide recognition. Get to know and love your culture.
|Photo: Siska Maria Eviline|
Batik. Yes, that's the name of the beautiful fabric that is now being happening. Consider to the history, batik became known at the time of the Majapahit Empire, around 1293-1500. In those days, the art of batik made on a palm leaf. Then around 1825-1830, after the Java War or better known as the Java War, batik have evolved considerably in the glory of the kingdom of Mataram.
The followers of the Mataram kingdom began to spread the use and manufacture of batik, up to Solo and Yogyakarta. So that batik was originally limited to outfit the royal family and their followers, then start grassroots and community drives the economy.
Many of the mothers at the time, began to weave a long white cloth called primis, and paint over it. To get an attractive color, batik makers typically use herbs, such as noni tree, Soga, and tilapia. While soda and salt in the manufacturing process is made of ash and mud.
Initially, batik motif is dominated by animals and plants, which then evolved motive according to the wearer's social strata. For example, goods Parang motif that reflects the power, initially only used by kings. Or motive ukel and cement worn only by royal family at the time of marriage ceremony Javanese tradition.The entry of Dutch culture, Chinese, Arabic, Japanese, Indian and Indonesian Malay to create full color motifs and batik more the merrier. It looks at Pekalongan batik motif that blends different cultures into Javanese culture. As Jlamprang batik that reflect the culture of India and Arabia, or batik Encim and Klengenan influenced by Chinese culture. There is another batik Pagi Sore getting cultural influences from the Netherlands, and a growing Hokokai batik in Indonesia during the Japanese occupation.
Motifs and colors in batik, basically has a symbolic value, which describes the feelings and expectations of the wearer. That's why the idea of a classic motif usually, only exists in the imagination of the batik craftsmen. Imagination was then greatly affect the outcome of a batik motif. That's why, no painting batik motifs which have completely the same. At the present time, as development era, eventually bringing batik into a national identity as well as being a popular clothing.
Please read my another article about batik, in here.
|Source: "Sembang Keris"|
There is no authentic historical evidence that tells about the existence of Keris. However, Tome Pires, a Portuguese explorer in the 16th century, mentioned the usage of keris by Javanese men. Usually the material used to make Keris is wood, horn, or ivory, which symbolizes the greatness of the leaders.
The usage procedure of Keris is quite different in each region. As in Javanese and Sundanese, Keris will be placed at the back of the waist in peacetime, and will be moved to the front during the war. While in Sumatra and Kalimantan, Keris will be pinned on the front of the belt during ceremonies.Keris is generally made of two kinds of metals, iron and steel. But today's, Keris made by mixing iron and steel with some alloy such as nickel, titanium, cobalt, silver, tin, chromium, antimony, or copper.
Keris is usually done by forming an iron blade first. As the base material or the blade will be heated to incandescence and then hammered repeatedly to remove impurities compounds, carbon and oxides. Once clean, it will be folded on to U-shaped bar, and a slab of material inserted prestige in it.The folds continued re-heated and hammered over and over again. Technique, strength, and position forge, will greatly affect the prestige that appears later. The final form of the forging is elongated slab, which is cut into two parts, called the kodhokan.A steel plate and placed between two kodhokan like sandwich bread, then tied and forged. Edge then made slightly elongated kodhokan to be cut and used as ganja. The next step is to formed Pesi and bengkek, resulting in forming, whether berluk or straight. The next stage is the making of ornaments called Ricikan, where certain parts smoothed using a miserly according to dhapur to be made. Then, re-plated dagger, as the ultimate stage.
The existence of Sangiran originally began in 1893 as an expert in paleontology from the Netherlands named Eugene Dubois, researching the area. However, Dubois's research about history of Sangiran civilization was brief and did not yield any fossils. Finally he decided to stopped the research.
Then in 1932, Sangiran area mapped by LIC Van Es into a large-scale geological map 1: 20.000. Based on that map, in 1934 a German paleontologist and geologist named Gustav Heinrich Ralph von Koenigswald hunting the fossil. Initially, he observed a dome or mound of earth which is opened by erosion that eventually form a depression or basin. In that depression Koenigswald assisted local residents found more than 60 fossils of Meganthropus palaeojavanicus.
Not only that, he also managed to find a variety of other ancient fossils, such as vertebrate fossils, animal water fossils, marine plant fossils, animal fossils. That is why, in order to maintain the existence of fossils in Sangiran site, the local government built an archaeological museum located in Kalijambe, Sragen, Central Java.
Museum Sangiran has 13,086 ancient fossils, making it the most complete early human sites and the largest in Asia. Because the fossils reveal ancient human civilization since the Late Pliocene to the end of the Middle Pleistocene. And since March 15, 1977, Sangiran designated as Heritage Areas based on the Decree of the Minister of Education and Culture.
|Photo adopted from cangklak.blogspot.com|
Originally, this dance is a folk game called Pok Ane that added by accompaniment poems containing praises to God, which, combined with hand claps of the dancers. Since then, Saman used as a medium of propaganda in Aceh.
Interestingly, Saman shown not use musical accompaniment. This dance and the dancers are counting on two elements of motion, namely applause and pat his chest. Since the formation of uniformity and timeliness is absolute, then summons the dancers are required to have a high concentration and a serious workout. The dance is played by a dozen of men and women with an odd number, will be led by a Sheikh. The leader is in charge of singing the song lyrics warrant, which called ganit.
Typically, the dancers will sing five songs while dancing kind. As Rengum, the roar that begins by lifting. Followed by a ring, which is immediately followed by rengum the other dancers. The dance is also accompanied by Redet, which is a short song with a short sound sung by a dancer at the center of the dance.
Syek, is a song that sung by a dancer with a long high-pitched voice. Meanwhile, Saur, a song that is repeated along the entire dancers after sung by a solo dancer. As it grows, saman dance formerly synonymous with religious activities, now, more performed at formal occasions or in the opening of the festival.
|Foto : Siska Maria Eviline|
|Foto diadopsi dari website www.angklung-udjo.co.id|